Monday, February 24, 2020

Test Your Knowledge

Doublets is a game which was invented by Lewis Carroll, who described it in these words: 'Two words are proposed, of the same length; and the puzzle consists in linking these together by interposing other words, each of which shall differ from the next word in one letter only. . . . As an example, the word 'head' may be changed into 'tail' by interposing the words 'heal, teal, tell, tall.' Thus Carroll changed 'head' into 'tail' in five moves:
Try to make the following transformations in the specified number of moves.
1)Change CAT into DOG in three moves.
1261)Change BOY into MAN in three moves.
2)Change HARD into EASY in five moves.
3)Change EAST into WEST in three moves.
4)Change ONE into TWO in eight moves.
5)Change BREAD into TOAST in seven moves.
6)Change SICK into WELL in four moves.
7)Change RICH into POOR in six moves.
8)Change GRASS into GREEN in seven moves.
9)Change TREE into WOOD in eight moves.
10)Change HATE into LOVE in three moves.
11)Change BLACK into WHITE in seven moves.

Contronyms also known as ‘autantonyms’ or ‘Janus words’ are words which have two opposite meanings, according to the context in which they occur. For example, with can mean ‘alongside’ in ‘Come with me’ but ‘against’ or ‘in opposition to’ in ‘Hannibal fought with the Romans’. And remember the pharmacist who unwisely advertises that he ‘dispenses with accuracy’! Can you identify these contradictory words?
12)To spray with powder or remove dust from.
dust (the aircraft dusted the fields; Have you dusted this room?).
13)Sanctified or damned.
blessed (Blessed are the meek; I’m blessed if I will!).
14)Open to everybody or open to a restricted number of people.
public (public building; public school).

15)Not good or very good.
bad (That was a bad move; He’s a real bad singer).
16)Add to or remove from.
trim (She trimmed the dress with lace; Trim the pastry round the edge).
17)To open or shut.
draw (curtains).
18)Move gracefully or move clumsily.
trip (She tripped across the fields; He tripped over the carpet).
19)To stick together or split apart.
cleave (‘Shall a man cleave unto his wife?’ Genesis 2; You can cleave the log
in two with an axe).
20)A duty to notice things or a failure to notice things.
oversight (She has the oversight of the works; My failure to check the meter was simply an oversight).
21)Remaining or departed.
left (There is one cake left; She has just left).
22)That moves quickly or that does not move.
fast (a fast horse runs; a fast color does not run).
23)Very enthusiastic about something or very annoyed at it.
mad or wild.
24)A three word phrase which means ‘to like more’ or ‘to like less’.
think better of (I think better of him after he saved the cat; I have thought better of telling my boss he’s a fool).
25)Acceptance and approval or disapproval and punishment.
sanction (The king gave his sanction; They imposed sanctions on the warring parties).
26)A two-word phrase meaning either ‘working’ or ‘refusing to work’.
industrial action.
27)A two-word phrase meaning either ‘definite’ or ‘not possible’.
no question (There is no question that he is stupid; There’s no question of my giving in).
28)A two-word phrase meaning a small leap or a massive leap.
quantum leap (In physics, this name means a sudden change in an atom or molecule; in general use it means a huge change).
29)A two-word phrase meaning to stop something and to start something
wind up (The company was wound up; The clock started when I wound it up).
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